The Hog Killing Incident on the Golladay plantation


There were several raids on the Golladay plantation after the Civil War had ended. In December 1865, the U.S. 64th Colored Infantry was garrisoned in Grenada, Mississippi. Even though their orders were not to damage or take private property, several of these soldiers in uniform plundered livestock from the Golladay farm.

George Shall Golladay filed a complaint with the military authorities. This incident was referred to the Commanding Officer at the Post at Jackson for an investigation of the damages. A Board Of Inquiry was held at Grenada on 13 January 1866. George (Jr.) testified that he saw five or six soldiers killing a hog on his father's place the Sunday before Christmas.


TESTIMONY OF THE BLACK GOLLADAYS

Peter Golladay (the black foreman and hog feeder on the farm): He testified that about eighteen hogs were missing. He did not see any of them killed, but did see the hogs skins and internals scattered around the Golladay farm.

Henry Golliday: "I never saw the soldiers kill any hogs on the place, have heard Mr. Golliday complain about hogs being killed on the place. Heard first complaint about a month before Christmas and at different times between then and now."

Harriett Golliday: says that a soldier came down and wanted to kill her hogs, but she told him to kill the white folks hogs and she saw him shoot a hog and tie it to a mules tail and then take it away this Dec. 31 1865. Says that Mr. Golliday has not furnished any meat ration for three weeks and does not know of but one hog being killed since - have seen their skins.

Elizabeth Golliday: says that a soldier came up to her house and asked who had hogs and to come out here and show me which is the white folks hogs and which are yours. One of the boys pointed out Mr. Golliday's hogs and the soldier took his gun and shot one of the hogs and tied it to a mules tail and made the boy drive it to Camp. Says I do not know of any more hogs being killed by the soldiers. On or before December 22, 1865, 4 soldiers came to my house and three came in and one stood outside. All had guns and they went out and when they got about a hundred yards from the house shot two hogs but did not take them away on account of children being out there and drove them in (as) they were not shot dead. The soldiers jackets were trimmed in red. I have heard the men on the place complain of hogs having been killed before Christmas.


George Shall Golladay had heard that the soldiers wanted to know where the Master of the plantation was, so they could go kill him. All of the black Golladay's denied this, so the charge was dropped.

These raids did cause a temporary hardship for the black Golladays. While George Shall Golladay owned the killed pigs, he kept them to provide food to his black farm hands as part of his payment to them for their farm work. These hogs were supposed to be given to the black Golladays on January 1st. Because so many were killed by the soldiers, only part of the promised hogs were furnished on the due date.

George Shall Golladay calculated his loss at $615.00, but agreed to a settlement with Major Edward B. Meatyard for $300. Instead he was sent $86.40 for his property loss. The Board Of Inquiry's conclusion was that that only four hogs had been killed.

The following U.S. soldiers took part in these raids:

  1. Henry Barker
  2. Jerry Daniels
  3. James Elder
  4. Eli Hellem
  5. Anderson Landfare
  6. Sergeant Henry Ringgold
  7. Alexander Stewart
  8. Frank Trulock
  9. James Upshure
It was stated that these soldiers were to be punished for violating a standing order, but there was no mention of what the punishment was.

Source: Union Provost Marshal's file of papers relating to individual civilians, U.S. National Archives


This page last updated on August 31, 2012